GreenvilleOnline reports that the fundamentalist Christian university, has finally regained its non-profit status 34 years after losing it:
Bob Jones University lost its income tax exemption following a 13-year struggle with the IRS over perhaps the universityвЂ™s policies against interracial relationship precluded it being a non-taxable spiritual institution that is educational. The college didnвЂ™t admit any students that are black 1971, 17 years after Brown vs. Board of Education. After that it wouldnвЂ™t acknowledge any pupils who had been in a mixed-race marriage and produced guidelines to prohibit students from interracial dating.
Bob Jones, in Greenville, sc, is a distinct segment school. Certainly, you might have just been aware of it if youвЂ™re from the Christian fundamentalist back ground or follow that subculture closely. However the tale of exactly exactly how Bob Jones destroyed its non-profit status provides prompt understanding of the modern right that is religious.
Bob Jones didnвЂ™t lose status that is non-profit. Nor had been it an outlier at that time. Although its discriminatory policies preceded desegregation, historian Randall Balmer has noted it destroyed its non-profit status as a result of President NixonвЂ™s crackdown on alleged вЂњsegregation academies.вЂќ (the type of segregation academies: Jerry FalwellвЂ™s Lynchburg Christian class.) Bob Jones received many warnings through the government and ignored all of them, however when the IRS finally rescinded its status the spiritual right reacted with outrage, as Balmer recounts:
The IRS actions against his school вЂњalerted the Christian school community about what could happen with government interferenceвЂќ in the affairs of evangelical institutions as Elmer L. Rumminger, longtime administrator at Bob Jones University, told me in an interview. вЂњThat ended up being truly the issue that is major got us all involved.вЂќ
Bob Jones ended its ban merely a 17 years agoвЂ”right before then-President George W. Bush visited campus. The father moves in not-so-mysterious means.
Although Bob JonesвЂ™s ban is history, it left an important imprimatur regarding the spiritual right. Evangelicals nevertheless worry secular interference with sacred affairs. ItвЂ™s embedded deep into the motionвЂ™s rhetoric and governmental priorities. It motivates their opposition to anti-discrimination provisions and their ongoing fear-mongering in regards to the First Amendment liberties of Christian schools. Simply yesterday, the Alliance Defending FreedomвЂ™s Casey Mattox urged your house Hookup sign in Judiciary Committee to get rid of Christian universities from a Department that is public of set of organizations which have gotten exemptions from Title IX. And who is able to forget that 80 % of white evangelicals simply voted for the openly racist Donald Trump?
Bob JonesвЂ™s crusade to discriminate nevertheless haunts the right that is religious whether or not the movementвЂ™s modern leaders are reluctant to acknowledge it.
The Supreme CourtвЂ™s ruling
In its article on the instances, the Supreme Court desired to balance the values of freedom of faith and associated First Amendment issues with federal legislation and general public policy prohibiting racial discrimination. The court traced the past reputation for income tax exemptions for charitable organizations, quoting from the landmark 1861 choice in Perin v. Carey:
This has now become a well established concept of US legislation, that courts of chancery will sustain and protectвЂ¦a giftвЂ¦to public charitable uses, offered exactly the same is in line with neighborhood rules and policy that is public.
The Supreme CourtвЂ™s analysis in Bob Jones revealed the next key points. First, tax-exempt organizations must provide a general general public function through methods which do not break general public policy. The court noticed that Bob Jones UniversityвЂ™s admission policy demonstrably discriminated against African Us americans in a violation that is direct of policy. 2nd, under IRC conditions, sectarian organizations is not tax-exempt if their religious doctrines trigger violations of legislation. Third, the IRS would not go beyond its authority in doubting tax exemptions to Bob Jones University and Goldsboro Christian Schools. Indeed, the court reasoned that the IRSвЂ™s ruling had been completely in keeping with past declarations through the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of federal government. 4th, the governmentвЂ™s desire for eliminating discrimination that is racial a private institutionвЂ™s workout of their spiritual values. Plainly, the court maintained, the spiritual passions of Bob Jones University had been contrary to the passions and legal rights for the federal federal government plus the average man or woman.
In amount, the Supreme CourtвЂ™s viewpoint in Bob Jones is short for the proposition that because nonprofit, private universities and schools that enforce discriminatory admission policies predicated on religious doctrine try not to be eligible for income tax exemptions, efforts to such organizations aren’t deductible as charitable donations inside the meaning for the Internal sales Code. In 2000 Bob Jones University acknowledged it was in fact incorrect in maybe not admitting African students that are american lifted its ban on interracial relationship.